Myeloid-related proteins 8 and 14 contribute to monosodium urate monohydrate crystal-induced inflammation in gout

Academic Article


  • Objective Monosodium urate monohydrate (MSU) crystal-induced interleukin-1β (IL-1β) secretion is a critical factor in the pathogenesis of gout. However, without costimulation by a proIL-1β-inducing factor, MSU crystals alone are insufficient to induce IL-1β secretion. The responsible costimulatory factors that act as a priming endogenous signal in vivo are not yet known. We undertook this study to analyze the costimulatory properties of myeloid-related protein 8 (MRP-8) and MRP-14 (endogenous Toll-like receptor 4 [TLR-4] agonists) in MSU crystal-induced IL-1β secretion and their relevance in gout. Methods MRP-8/MRP-14 was measured in paired serum and synovial fluid samples by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and localized in synovial tissue from gout patients by immunohistochemistry. Serum levels were correlated with disease activity, and MSU crystal-induced release of MRPs from human phagocytes was measured. Costimulatory effects of MRP-8 and MRP-14 on MSU crystal-induced IL-1β secretion from phagocytes were analyzed in vitro by ELISA, Western blotting, and polymerase chain reaction. The impact of MRP was tested in vivo in a murine MSU crystal-induced peritonitis model. Results MRP-8/MRP-14 levels were elevated in the synovium, tophi, and serum of patients with gout and correlated with disease activity. MRP-8/MRP-14 was released by MSU crystal-activated phagocytes and increased MSU crystal-induced IL-1β secretion in a TLR-4-dependent manner. Targeted deletion of MRP-14 in mice led to a moderately reduced response of MSU crystal-induced inflammation in vivo. Conclusion MRP-8 and MRP-14, which are highly expressed in gout, are enhancers of MSU crystal-induced IL-1β secretion in vitro and in vivo. These endogenous TLR-4 ligands released by activated phagocytes contribute to the maintenance of inflammation in gout. Copyright © 2014 by the American College of Rheumatology.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 27620314
  • Author List

  • Holzinger D; Nippe N; Vogl T; Marketon K; Mysore V; Weinhage T; Dalbeth N; Pool B; Merriman T; Baeten D
  • Start Page

  • 1327
  • End Page

  • 1339
  • Volume

  • 66
  • Issue

  • 5