INTRODUCTION: We aimed to evaluate whether the hyperemic myocardial blood flow (MBF) can be estimated using cadmium zinc telluride (CZT)-based single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) cameras with a single, rapid rest/stress dynamic scan. Dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used as a reference modality for flow measurement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The proposed protocol included both the rest and stress acquisitions within a 24-min scan. Patients were first injected with 99mTc-Sestamibi at the resting state. Sixty minutes after the first injection, the subject was positioned via scintigraphy, after which the list-mode data acquisition was initiated and continued for 24 minutes. Five minutes after data acquisition was initiated, a stressed state was induced via dipyridamole infusion, after which a second dose of 99mTc-Sestamibi was injected. Dynamic SPECT images were reconstructed for all subjects, who also underwent T1-weighted cardiac DCE-MRI performed on days other than those of the SPECT studies. MBF values were estimated for the rest and stress MRI studies, and for the stress portion of the SPECT study. The SPECT-measured hyperemic MBF was compared with the MR-measured hyperemic MBF and coronary flow reserve (CFR), based on the regions of interest. RESULTS: A total of 30 subjects were included in this study. The hyperemic MBF estimated from SPECT showed a strong correlation with the MR-measured hyperemic MBF (r2 = 0.76) and a modest correlation with the MR-measured CFR (r2 = 0.56). Using MR-measured CFR <1.3 as a cutoff for coronary stenosis, we found that the SPECT-measured hyperemic MBF served as a useful clinical index with 94% sensitivity, 90% specificity, and 93% accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: Hyperemic MBF can be measured with a rapid, single-scan rest/stress study with CZT-based SPECT cameras.