RRY Inhibits Amyloid-β1-42 Peptide Aggregation and Neurotoxicity

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: Current understanding of amyloid-β protein (Aβ) aggregation and toxicity provides an extensive list of drugs for treating Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, one of the most promising strategies for its treatment has been tri-peptides. Objective: The aim of this study is to examine those tri-peptides, such as Arg-Arg-Try (RRY), which have the potential of Aβ1-42 aggregating inhibition and Aβ clearance. Methods: In the present study, in silico, in vitro, and in vivo studies were integrated for screening tri-peptides binding to Aβ, then evaluating its inhibition of aggregation of Aβ, and finally its rescuing cognitive deficit. Results: In the in silico simulations, molecular docking and molecular dynamics determined that seven top-ranking tri-peptides could bind to Aβ1-42 and form stable complexes. Circular dichroism, ThT assay, and transmission electron microscope indicated the seven tri-peptides might inhibit the aggregation of Aβ1-42 in vitro. In the in vivo studies, Morris water maze, ELISA, and Diolistic staining were used, and data showed that RRY was capable of rescuing the Aβ1-42-induced cognitive deficit, reducing the Aβ1-42 load and increasing the dendritic spines in the transgenic mouse model. Conclusion: Such converging outcomes from three consecutive studies lead us to conclude that RRY is a preferred inhibitor of Aβ1-42 aggregation and treatment for Aβ-induced cognitive deficit.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 5872391
  • Author List

  • Sun X; Duan S; Cao A; Villagomez B; Lin R; Chen H; Pi L; Ren B; Chen R; Chen M
  • Start Page

  • 479
  • End Page

  • 495
  • Volume

  • 5
  • Issue

  • 1