Serine-threonine kinase receptor-associated protein (Strap) knockout decreases the malignant phenotype in neuroblastoma cell lines

Academic Article


  • Background: Serine-threonine kinase receptor-associated protein (STRAP) plays an im-portant role in neural development but also in tumor growth. Neuroblastoma, a tumor of neural crest origin, is the most common extracranial solid malignancy of childhood and it continues to carry a poor prognosis. The recent discovery of the role of STRAP in another pediatric solid tumor, osteosarcoma, and the known function of STRAP in neural development, led us to investigate the role of STRAP in neuroblastoma tumorigenesis. Methods: STRAP protein expression was abrogated in two human neuroblastoma cell lines, SK-N-AS and SK-N-BE(2), using transient knockdown with siRNA, stable knockdown with shRNA lentiviral transfection, and CRISPR-Cas9 genetic knockout. STRAP knockdown and knockout cells were examined for phenotypic alterations in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. Results: Cell proliferation, motility, and growth were significantly decreased in STRAP knockout compared to wild-type cells. Indicators of stemness, including mRNA abun-dance of common stem cell markers Oct4, Nanog, and Nestin, the percentage of cells expressing CD133 on their surface, and the ability to form tumorspheres were significantly decreased in the STRAP KO cells. In vivo, STRAP knockout cells formed tumors less readily than wild-type tumor cells. Conclusion: These novel findings demonstrated that STRAP plays a role in tumorigenesis and maintenance of neuroblastoma stemness.
  • Author List

  • Bownes LV; Williams AP; Marayati R; Quinn CH; Hutchins SC; Stewart JE; Vu T; Easlick JL; Mroczek-Musulman E; Crossman DK