Effects of Thrust Magnitude and Duration on Immediate Postspinal Manipulation Trunk Muscle Spindle Responses

Academic Article


  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to characterize trunk muscle spindle responses immediately after high-velocity, low-amplitude spinal manipulation (HVLA-SM) delivered at various thrust magnitudes and thrust durations. Methods: Secondary analysis from multiple studies involving anesthetized adult cats (N = 70; 2.3-6.0 kg) receiving L6 HVLA-SM. Muscle spindle afferent recordings were obtained from L6 dorsal rootlets before, during, and immediately after HVLA-SM. L6 HVLA-SM was delivered posteriorly-to-anteriorly using a feedback motor with peak thrust magnitudes of 25%, 55%, and 85% of cat body weight (BW) and thrust durations of 25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, and 250 ms. Time to the first action potential and muscle spindle discharge frequency at 1 and 2 seconds post–HVLA-SM were determined. Results: A significant association between HVLA-SM thrust magnitude and immediate (≤2 s) muscle spindle response was found (P < .001). For non-control thrust magnitude, pairwise comparisons (25%, 55%, 85% BW), 55% BW thrust magnitude had the most consistent effect on immediate post–HVLA-SM discharge outcomes (false discovery rate < 0.05). No significant association was found between thrust duration and immediate post–HVLA-SM muscle spindle response (P > .05). Conclusion: The present study found that HVLA-SM thrust magnitudes delivered at 55% BW were more likely to affect immediate (≤2 s) post–HVLA-SM muscle spindle response.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Lima CR; Sozio RS; Law AMC; Nelson AJ; Singh H; Hurt CP; Li P; Reed WR
  • Start Page

  • 363
  • End Page

  • 371
  • Volume

  • 44
  • Issue

  • 5