Academic Article


  • The lymphatic system plays an integral role in physiology and has recently been identified as a key player in disease progression. Tissue injury stimulates lymphatic expansion, or lymphangiogenesis (LA), though its precise role in disease processes remains unclear. LA is associated with inflammation, which is a key component of acute kidney injury (AKI), for which there are no approved therapies. While LA research has gained traction in the last decade, there exists a significant lack of understanding of this process in the kidney. Though innovative studies have elucidated markers and models with which to study LA, the field is still evolving with ways to visualize lymphatics in vivo. Prospero-related homeobox-1 (Prox-1) is the master regulator of LA and determines lymphatic cell fate through its action on vascular endothelial growth factor receptor expression. Here, we investigate the consequences of AKI on the abundance and distribution of lymphatic endothelial cells using Prox1-tdTomato reporter mice (ProxTom) coupled with large-scale three-dimensional quantitative imaging and tissue cytometry (3DTC). Using these technologies, we describe the spatial dynamics of lymphatic vasculature in quiescence and post-AKI. We also describe the use of lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor-1 (LYVE-1) as a marker of lymphatic vessels using 3DTC in the absence of the ProxTom reporter mice as an alternative approach. The use of 3DTC for lymphatic research presents a new avenue with which to study the origin and distribution of renal lymphatic vessels. These findings will enhance our understanding of renal lymphatic function during injury and could inform the development of novel therapeutics for intervention in AKI.
  • Volume

  • 101