Catamenial haemoptysis in females with cystic fibrosis: a case series with review of management strategies

Academic Article


  • Catamenial haemoptysis, the expectoration of blood during menses, has not been extensively reported in the cystic fibrosis (CF) literature. We describe four cases (age range: 25–34 years) of catamenial haemoptysis across four CF centres in the United States. These cases may represent thoracic endometriosis versus hormonal fluctuations in airway inflammation or infection resulting in bronchial artery bleeding. We identify common and nuanced management strategies including use of pro-coagulants, hormone contraceptives, anti-inflammatories, bronchial artery embolization, and use of the newer cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) modulators.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Bozkanat KM; West NE; Ladores S; Montemayor K; Tupayachi Ortiz MG; Christianson M; Jain R
  • Volume

  • 9
  • Issue

  • 6