Impact of a Pilot Structured Mobile Technology Based Lifestyle Intervention for Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background and Aims: Lifestyle modification is the main treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but remains challenging to implement. The aim of this pilot was to assess the acceptability and feasibility of a mobile-technology based lifestyle program for NAFLD patients. Methods: We enrolled adult patients with NAFLD in a 6-month mobile-technology based program where participants received a FitBit with weekly tailored step count goals and nutritional assessments. Anthropometrics, hepatic and metabolic parameters, Fibroscan, physical function and activity, and health-related quality of life measures were obtained at enrollment and month 6. Semi-structured exit interviews were conducted to assess patient’s experience with the program. Results: 40 (63%) eligible patients were enrolled. Median age was 52.5 with 53% males, 93% whites, 43% with diabetes and median BMI 33.9. On baseline Fibroscan, 59% had F0-2 fibrosis and 70% had moderate-severe steatosis. 33 patients completed the study. Median percentage of days with valid FitBit data collection was 91. 4 patients increased and maintained, 19 maintained, and 8 increased but subsequently returned to baseline weekly step count. 59% of patients reported Fitbit was easy to use and 66% felt step count feedback motivated them to increase their activity. Roughly 50% of patients had reduction in weight, triglycerides and Fibroscan liver stiffness, and 75% had improvement in controlled attenuation parameter and physical function. Conclusions: A 6-month mobile-technology based pilot lifestyle intervention was feasible and acceptable to NAFLD patients. The program promoted physical activity and was associated with improvement in clinical parameters in some patients.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Tincopa MA; Lyden A; Wong J; Jackson EA; Richardson C; Lok AS
  • Start Page

  • 481
  • End Page

  • 491
  • Volume

  • 67
  • Issue

  • 2