Rates of Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thinning in Distinct Glaucomatous Optic Disc Phenotypes in Early Glaucoma

Academic Article


  • Purpose: To compare spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) measured circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) among 4 glaucomatous optic disc phenotypes in early glaucoma. Design: Clinical cohort study Methods: In this study, 218 early glaucoma eyes that had at least 3 years of follow-up and a minimum of 4 SDOCT scans were recruited. The optic discs were classified into 4 types based on appearance: 76 generalized cup enlargement (GE), 53 focal ischemic (FI), 22 myopic glaucomatous (MY), and 67 senile sclerotic (SS). A linear mixed effects model was used to compare the rates of global and regional cpRNFL thinning among optic disc phenotypes. Results: After adjusting for confounders, the SS group (mean [95% CI]: –1.01 [–1.30, –0.73] µm/y) had the fastest mean rate of global cpRNFL thinning followed by FI (–0.77 [–0.97, –0.57] µm/y), MY (0.59 [–0.81, –0.36] µm/y), and GE (–0.58 [–0.75, –0.40] µm/y) at P <.001. The inferior temporal sector had the fastest rate of cpRNFL thinning among the regional measurements except for the MY group (–0.68 [–1.10, –0.26] µm/y, P =.002). In the multivariable analysis, GE (P =.002) and MY (P =.010) phenotypes were associated with significantly slower global rates of cpRNFL thinning compared with the SS phenotype. Conclusions: Rates of cpRNFL thinning were different among the 4 glaucomatous optic disc phenotypes. Those patients with early glaucoma with SS phenotype have the fastest cpRNFL thinning. These patients may benefit from more frequent monitoring and the need to advance therapy if cpRNFL thinning is detected.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 21749365
  • Author List

  • David RCC; Moghimi S; Ekici E; Do JL; Hou H; Proudfoot JA; Kamalipour A; Nishida T; Girkin CA; Liebmann JM
  • Start Page

  • 8
  • End Page

  • 17
  • Volume

  • 229