Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a life-saving therapy utilized for patients with severe life-threatening cardiorespiratory failure. Patients treated with ECMO are among the most severely ill encountered in critical care and are at high-risk of developing multiple organ dysfunction, including acute kidney injury (AKI) and fluid overload. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is increasingly utilized inpatients on ECMO to manage AKI and treat fluid overload. The indications for renal replacement therapy for patients on ECMO are similar to those of other critically ill populations; however, there is wide practice variation in how renal supportive therapies are utilized during ECMO. For patients requiring both CRRT and ECMO, CRRT may be connected directly to the ECMO circuit, or CRRT and ECMO may be performed independently. This review will summarize current knowledge of the epidemiology of AKI, indications and timing of CRRT, delivery of CRRT, and the outcomes of patients requiring CRRT with ECMO.