Chronotropic index and acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease a secondary analysis of block Copd

Academic Article


  • Rationale: The chronotropic index quantifies the proportion of the expected heart rate increase that is attained during exercise. The relationship between the chronotropic index and acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPDs) has not been evaluated. Objectives: To determine whether a higher chronotropic index during a 6-minute walk (CI-6MW) is associated with lower risk of AECOPD and whether the CI-6MW is a marker of susceptibility to adverse effects of metoprolol in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: We analyzed data from the BLOCK COPD (Beta-Blockers for the Prevention of AECOPDs) trial. We used Cox proportional hazards models to investigate the relationship between the CI-6MW and the time to AECOPDs. We also tested for interactions between study group assignment (metoprolol vs. placebo) and the CI-6MW on the time to AECOPDs. Results: Four hundred seventy-seven participants with exacerbation-prone COPD (mean forced expiratory volume in 1 second, 41% of predicted) were included in this analysis. A higher CI-6MW was independently associated with a decreased risk of AECOPDs of any severity (adjusted hazard ratio per 0.1 increase in CI-6MW of 0.88; 95% confidence interval, 0.80–0.96) but was not independently associated with AECOPDs requiring hospitalization (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.94; 95% confidence interval, 0.81–1.05). There was a significant interaction by treatment assignment, and in a stratified analysis, the protective effects of a higher CI-6MW on AECOPDs were negated by metoprolol use. Conclusions: A higher CI-6MW is associated with a decreased risk of AECOPDs and may be an indicator of susceptibility to the adverse effects of metoprolol.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • MacDonald DM; Helgeson ES; Adabag S; Casaburi R; Connett JE; Stringer WW; Voelker H; Dransfield MT; Kunisaki KM
  • Start Page

  • 1795
  • End Page

  • 1802
  • Volume

  • 18
  • Issue

  • 11