Intestinal γδ T-cell lymphomas are most frequently of type II enteropathy-associated T-cell type

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma includes type I cases and distinctive type II cases that, according to 2008 and 2010 World Health Organization descriptions, are T-cell receptor β+. Although T-cell receptor γδ enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphomas are reported, it is unknown if they have distinctive features and if they should be categorized as enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma or as a mucocutaneous γδ T-cell lymphoma. To address these questions, the clinicopathologic, immunophenotypic, molecular, and cytogenetic features of 5 γδ- enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphomas were investigated. Only 1 patient had celiac disease and had type I enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma, and the others fulfilled the histopathologic criteria for type II enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma. All lacked cutaneous involvement. A celiac disease-associated HLA type was found in the patient with CD and one of four others. All were T-cell receptor γ+, T-cell receptor δ+, βF1-, CD3+, CD7+, CD5-, CD4-, and TIA-1+ with variable staining for CD2 (3/5), CD8 (2/5), Granzyme B (1/5), and CD56 (4/5). Fluorescence in situ hybridization demonstrated 9q34 gains in 4 cases, with 9q33-34 gains by single nucleotide polymorphism in 3 of these. Single nucleotide polymorphism analysis also demonstrated gains in 5q34-q35.1/5q35.1 (4/5), 8q24 (3/5), and in 32 other regions in 3 of 5 cases. Vδ1 rearrangements were identified in 4 of 4 cases with documented clonality showing the same clone in normal-appearing distant mucosa (3/3 tested cases). Thus, γδ-enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphomas share many features with other enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma and are mostly of type II. Their usual nonactivated cytotoxic phenotype and Vδ1 usage are features unlike many other mucocutaneous γδ T-cell lymphomas but shared with hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma. These findings support the conclusion that a γδ T-cell origin at extracutaneous sites does not define a specific entity. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Human Pathology  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Wilson AL; Swerdlow SH; Przybylski GK; Surti U; Choi JK; Campo E; Trucco MM; Van Oss SB; Felgar RE
  • Start Page

  • 1131
  • End Page

  • 1145
  • Volume

  • 44
  • Issue

  • 6