Recent evidence indicates a crucial role for G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1) in the maintenance of cardiovascular and kidney health in females. The current study tested whether GPER1 activation ameliorates hypertension and kidney damage in female Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rats fed a high-salt (HS) diet. Adult female rats were implanted with telemetry transmitters for monitoring blood pressure and osmotic minipumps releasing G1 (selective GPER1 agonist, 400 μg/kg/day ip) or vehicle. Two weeks after pump implantation, rats were shifted from a normal-salt (NS) diet (0.4% NaCl) to a matched HS diet (4.0% NaCl) for 2 wk. Twenty-four hour urine samples were collected during both diet periods and urinary markers of kidney injury were assessed. Histological assessment of kidney injury was conducted after the 2-wk HS diet period. Compared with values during the NS diet, 24-h mean arterial pressure markedly increased in response to HS, reaching similar values in vehicle-treated and G1-treated rats. HS also significantly increased urinary excretion of protein, albumin, nephrin (podocyte damage marker), and KIM-1 (proximal tubule injury marker) in vehicle-treated rats. Importantly, G1 treatment prevented the HS-induced proteinuria, albuminuria, and increase in KIM-1 excretion but not nephrinuria. Histological analysis revealed that HS-induced glomerular damage did not differ between groups. However, G1 treatment preserved proximal tubule brush-border integrity in HS-fed rats. Collectively, our data suggest that GPER1 activation protects against HS-induced proteinuria and albuminuria in female Dahl SS rats by preserving proximal tubule brush-border integrity in a blood pressure-independent manner.