Mortality is highest in the first year following an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant. With recent advancements, we have expanded the pool of patients to whom we are able to offer transplant as a treatment option. In this context, we analyzed socioeconomic, patient, disease and transplant-related variables that predicted for 1-year all-cause, relapse-related (RRM) and non-relapse related mortality (NRM) in 304 patients at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. The 1-year overall survival, RRM and NRM rates were 60.5%, 13.5% and 22.7% respectively. A KPS score < 80, pre-transplant infection and hypertension and non-complete remission disease status adversely effected all-cause mortality. For NRM, increasing age, pre-transplant infection and diabetes, and poor access to care were associated with higher mortality whereas haploidentical donor type was associated with improved survival. For RRM, a KPS score <80, high/very high disease risk index and the presence of comorbidities were risk factors for higher mortality. Poor access to care, in addition to individual comorbidities, performance status and high-risk disease characteristics, is associated with adverse outcomes following transplant. We propose the incorporation of socioeconomic variables with patient, disease, and transplant-related variables to predict 1-year NRM.