Orthopedic guidelines for the care of people with spina bifida

Academic Article


  • Orthopedic or musculoskeletal problems are common in individuals with spina bifida. They can affect function and mobility and, in the case of spinal deformity, affect pulmonary function. We discuss the current treatment guidelines developed through collaboration with the Spina Bifida Association and the Orthopedics and Mobility working group using a specific methodology previously reported [1,2]. General considerations are discussed followed by evaluation and treatment guidelines for specific age ranges. References are provided where applicable, but where data is lacking treatment guidelines fall under the umbrella of clinical consensus. This leaves 'research gaps' where areas of possible future study could be considered.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Conklin MJ; Kishan S; Nanayakkara CB; Rosenfeld SR
  • Start Page

  • 629
  • End Page

  • 635
  • Volume

  • 13
  • Issue

  • 4