The G protein–coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1) mediates rapid estrogenic signaling. We recently reported that activation of GPER1 in the renal medulla evokes endothelin-1–dependent natriuresis in female, but not male, rats. However, the involvement of the ET receptors, ETA and ETB, underlying GPER1 natriuretic action remain unclear. In this study, we used genetic and pharmacologic methods to identify the contributions of ETA and ETB in mediating this female-specific natriuretic effect of renal medullary GPER1. Infusion of the GPER1-selective agonist G1 (5 pmol/kg per minute) into the renal medulla for 40 minutes increased Na+ excretion and urine flow in anesthetized female ETB-deficient (ETB def) rats and littermate controls but did not affect blood pressure or urinary K+ excretion in either group. Pretreatment with the selective ETA inhibitor ABT-627 (5 mg/kg, intravenous) abolished G1-induced natriuresis in ETB def rats. To further isolate the effects of inhibiting either receptor alone, we conducted the same experiments in anesthetized female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats pretreated or not with ABT-627 and/or the selective ETB inhibitor A-192621 (10 mg/kg, intravenous). Neither antagonism of ETA nor antagonism of ETB receptor alone affected the G1-induced increase in Na+ excretion and urine flow in SD rats. However, simultaneous antagonism of both receptors completely abolished these effects. These data suggest that ETA and ETB receptors can mediate the natriuretic and diuretic response to renal medullary GPER1 activation in female rats.