Surface guided imaging during stereotactic radiosurgery with automated delivery

Academic Article


  • Purpose: To report on the use of surface guided imaging during frameless intracranial stereotactic radiotherapy with automated delivery via HyperArcTM (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA). Methods: All patients received intracranial radiotherapy with HyperArcTM and were monitored for intrafraction motion by the AlignRT® (VisionRT, London, UK) surface imaging (SI) system. Immobilization was with the EncompassTM (Qfix, Avondale, PA) aquaplast mask device. AlignRT® log files were correlated with trajectory log files to correlate treatment parameters with SI reported offsets. SI reported offsets were correlated with gantry angle and analyzed for performance issues at non-zero couch angles and during camera-pod blockage during gantry motion. Demographics in the treatment management system were used to identify race and determine if differences in SI reported offsets are due to skin tone settings. Results: A total of 981 fractions were monitored over 14 months and 819 were analyzed. The median AlignRT® reported motion from beginning to the end of treatment was 0.24 mm. The median offset before beam on at non-zero couch angles was 0.55 mm. During gantry motion when camera pods are blocked, the median magnitude was below 1 mm. Median magnitude of offsets at non-zero couch angles was not found to be significantly different for patients stratified by race. Conclusions: Surface image guidance is a viable alternative to scheduled mid-treatment imaging for monitoring intrafraction motion during stereotactic radiosurgery with automated delivery.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Covington EL; Stanley DN; Fiveash JB; Thomas EM; Marcrom SR; Bredel M; Willey CD; Riley KO; Popple RA
  • Start Page

  • 90
  • End Page

  • 95
  • Volume

  • 21
  • Issue

  • 12