Phosphorylcholine (PC) is an immunodominant epitope in some pathogens including Streptococcus pneumoniae and it is well-known that PC-specific antibodies (Abs) play a key role in the induction of protective immunity against pneumococcal infection. In this study, we examined whether nasal administration of DNA plasmid encoding Flt3 ligand gene (pFL) as a mucosal adjuvant plus PC-conjugated keyhole limpet hemocyanin (PC-KLH), would elicit PC-specific immune responses, and characterized mucosal immune responses to PC induced by this nasal vaccination. Nasal immunization with pFL plus PC-KLH enhanced induction of PC-specific IgA and IgM Abs in airway secretions when compared with mice given PC-KLH with or without empty plasmid gene (pORF) as controls; in addition to the mucosal immune responses, PC-specific immune responses in serum were also induced. Furthermore, the mucosal and serum IgA and IgM Abs in mice given pFL plus PC-KLH nasally, exhibited high-specificity for the PC molecule. Of interest, the PC-specific Abs bound dose-dependently to anti-T15 idiotype (AB1-2). Thus, the inhibition of S. pneumoniae colonization on the nasal cavity and lungs after nasal challenge with the live organism was significantly elicited in mice immunized with pFL plus PC-KLH compared to that of mice immunized with antigen with pORF. Taken together, these findings show that nasal administration of pFL with PC-KLH elicited T15-like anti-PC IgA and IgM Abs in the respiratory tracts, and further attenuated S. pneumoniae colonization on the respiratory tracts. Nasal administration of Flt3 ligand cDNA with PC may contribute to the development of nasal vaccination for prevention of S. pneumoniae infection. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.