Prognostic Reliability of a New Classification System for Blount's Disease.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective We conducted this study to evaluate the reproducibility of a new classification system for Blount's disease and assess its correlation with established radiological measures used to evaluate the severity of this disorder. Materials and Methods This is a retrospective review of children with Blount's disease that were younger than 10 years of age. Recurrence was defined as the need for a second corrective surgery. Radiographs immediately pre-surgery and at final follow-up were used to measure mechanical axis (MA), tibial metaphyseal-diaphyseal angle (TMDA), epiphyseal-metaphyseal angle (EMA), lateral distal femoral angle (LDFA), and medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA). Patients were stratified according to the new classification (Type A, B, or C). Results Sixty-five limbs from 16 males and 24 females met our inclusion criteria. The average follow-up was 4.2 years. Twelve patients (with 22 Type-A extremities) underwent bracing with a success rate of 54%. Thirty-four patients (53 extremities) underwent surgical correction. The recurrence rate was 35.8%. Group C had a recurrence rate of 62%, higher than that of Group B (33%), and Group A (23%) (P = 0.026). In addition, irrespective of reoperation, patients in Group C had the least change in the MA (62%, P = 0.046) and the most severe values of MPTA and TMDA initially and after the operation (P < 0.05). Conclusion The new classification system for Blount's disease holds validity for predicting recurrence. The severity of the grades is correlated with the TMDA, MPTA, and varus reversibility. This can aid physicians and families in making an informed decision and setting treatment goals.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Cureus  Journal
  • Keywords

  • blount's disease, classification system, lamont classification, langenskiold classification, prognosis, recurrence, tibia vara
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Jardaly AH; Conklin M; Strom SF; Wall KC; Gilbert S
  • Start Page

  • e8353
  • Volume

  • 12
  • Issue

  • 5