RAD6, an E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, is a key node for determining different DNA damage repair pathways, controlling both the error-prone and the error-free DNA damage repair pathways through differential regulation of the ubiquitination of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) protein. However, whether other pathways are involved in the RAD6-mediated regulation of DNA damage repair is still unclear. To deeply understand the molecular mechanisms of RAD6 in DNA damage repair, we performed a proteomic analysis and identified the changes of the protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks of RAD6 before and after X-ray irradiation. Furthermore, our study indicated that a proteasome-related event is likely involved in the DNA damage repair process. Moreover, we found that RAD6 promotes proteasome activity and nuclear translocation by enhancing the degradation of PSMF1 and the lamin B receptor (LBR). Therefore, we provide a novel pathway that is employed by RAD6 in response to DNA damage.