Failure to thrive

Chapter

Abstract

  • Failure to thrive (FTT) is a clinical condition suggesting that a child is not gaining weight as expected for age and height. As such, the child is not receiving or absorbing adequate calories needed for growth and development. FTT is a physical sign suggestive of an underlying condition possibly due to a variety of factors including biological (genetic or metabolic conditions), psychosocial (abuse or neglect), or environmental (poverty). If not recognized and the underlying condition is not treated, FTT can be associated with long term complications such as cognitive or behavior delays, growth restriction, or a cardiometabolic rebound effect. Thus, healthcare practitioners should be alert to FTT especially during infancy when growth is rapid. Once FTT is recognized, a thorough history is necessary to discern possible causes so that appropriate laboratory and diagnostic tests can be ordered. The cause of FTT dictates treatment that often includes nutritional adjustments and possible medical and psychosocial treatment.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    International Standard Book Number (isbn) 13

  • 9780128093245