Online Partner Seeking and Sexual Risk Among HIV+ Gay and Bisexual Men: A Dialectical Perspective.

Academic Article


  • For almost two decades, researchers have explored the relationship between online partner seeking (OPS) and HIV/STI transmission risk behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM), including gay- and bisexual-identified men. A dichotomy has emerged with some findings that OPS is associated with greater sexual risk behavior, and a sparser but emerging literature that men may use OPS for sexual risk reduction. This study examined the association between proportion of partners met online and sexual risk behavior in a sample of 170 HIV-positive gay- and bisexual-identified men. Participants completed assessments including psychosocial factors and a comprehensive assessment of sexual behavior, including total number of male partners, and condomless insertive and receptive anal sex with HIV-negative/unknown serostatus partners or HIV-positive male partners. Our findings support taking a dialectical stance and indicate that OPS may impact risk differently given different individual and contextual circumstances.
  • Authors


  • HIV, Internet, Online partner seeking, Sexual behavior, Sexual minority men, Sexual orientation, Adult, Aged, Bisexuality, HIV Infections, Homosexuality, Male, Humans, Internet, Male, Middle Aged, Risk-Taking, Sexual Partners, Young Adult
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Cruess DG; Burnham KE; Finitsis DJ; Cherry C; Grebler T; Goshe BM; Strainge L; Kalichman MO; Kalichman SC
  • Start Page

  • 1079
  • End Page

  • 1087
  • Volume

  • 46
  • Issue

  • 4