This publication represents an extensive literature review with the goal of providing guidelines for the evaluation and management of cervical adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS). The authors drafted the guidelines on behalf of the Society of Gynecologic Oncology, and the guidelines have been reviewed and endorsed by the ASCCP. These guidelines harmonize with the ASCCP Risk-Based Management Consensus Guidelines and provide more specific guidance beyond that provided by the ASCCP guidelines. Examples of updates include recommendations to optimize the diagnostic excisional specimen, AIS management in the setting of positive compared with negative margins on the excisional specimen, surveillance and definitive management after fertility-sparing treatment, and management of AIS in pregnancy. The increasing incidence of AIS, its association with human papillomavirus-18 infection, challenges in diagnosis owing to frequent origin within the endocervical canal, and the possibility of skip lesions all make AIS a unique diagnosis whose management needs to be differentiated from the management of the more prevalent squamous cell dysplasia.