Interinstitutional Plan Quality Assessment of 2 Linac-Based, Single-Isocenter, Multiple Metastasis Radiosurgery Techniques

Academic Article


  • Purpose: Interest and application of stereotactic radiosurgery for multiple brain metastases continue to increase. Various planning systems are available for linear accelerator (linac)–based single-isocenter multiple metastasis radiosurgery. Two of the most advanced systems are BrainLAB Multiple Metastases Elements (MME), a dynamic conformal arc (DCA) approach, and Varian RapidArc (RA), a volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) approach. In this work, we systematically compared plan quality between the 2 techniques. Methods and Materials: Thirty patients with 4 to 10 metastases (217 total; median 7.5; Vmin = 0.014 cm3; Vmax = 17.73 cm3) were planned with both Varian RA and MME at 2 different institutions with extensive experience in each respective technique. All plans had a single isocenter and used Varian linac equipped with high-definition multileaf collimator. RA plans used 2 to 4 noncoplanar VMAT arcs with 10 MV flattening filter-free beam. MME plans used 4 to 9 noncoplanar DCAs and 6 MV flattening filter-free beam, (minimum planning target volume [PTVmin] = 0.49 cm3; PTVmax = 27.32 cm3; PTVmedian = 7.05 cm3). Prescriptions were 14 to 24 Gy in a single fraction. Target coverage goal was 99% of volume receiving prescription dose (D99% ≥ 100%). Plans were evaluated by Radiation Therapy Oncology Group/Paddick conformity index (CI) score, 12 Gy volume (V12Gy), V8Gy, V5Gy, mean brain dose (Dmean), and beam-on time. Results: Conformity was favorable among RA plans (median: MME CIRTOG = 1.38; RA CIRTOG = 1.21; P < .0001). V12Gy and V8Gy were lower for RA plans (median: MME V12 = 23.7 cm3; RA V12 = 19.2 cm3; P = .0001; median: MME V8Gy = 53.6 cm3; RA V8Gy = 44.1 cm3; P = .024). V5Gy was lower for MME plans (median: MME V5Gy = 141.4 cm3; RA V5Gy = 142.8 cm3; P = .009). Mean brain was lower for MME plans (median: MME Dmean = 2.57 Gy; RA Dmean = 2.76 Gy; P < .0001). Conclusions: For linac-based multiple metastasis stereotactic radiosurgery, RapidArc VMAT facilitates favorable conformity and V12Gy/V8Gy volume compared with the MME DCA plan. MME planning facilitates reduced dose spill at levels ≤V5Gy.
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    Author List

  • Liu H; Thomas EM; Li J; Yu Y; Andrews D; Markert JM; Fiveash JB; Shi W; Popple RA
  • Start Page

  • 1051
  • End Page

  • 1060
  • Volume

  • 5
  • Issue

  • 5