Measles (rubeola) was once nearly eradicated in the United States. Unfortunately, it has reappeared, with more than three times the number of confirmed cases in 2019 than in 2018. The virus, which produces a distinct rash that appears within days of exposure, can spread quickly and can produce severe complications. There is no cure; treatment is supportive care. Measles was once a minimal concern in the United States due to high vaccination rates. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that, because of the increase in individuals traveling to countries with high rates of measles and the fact that fewer U.S. children are being immunized against measles, the incidence of measles will likely continue to rise in the United States. It is vital that nurses and other health care providers educate individuals about the importance of the prevention and treatment of measles.