Cross-reactivity to highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 viruses after vaccination with nonadjuvanted and MF59-adjuvanted influenza A/Duck/Singapore/97 (H5N3) vaccine: A potential priming strategy

Academic Article


  • Antigenically well-matched vaccines against highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 viruses are urgently required. Human serum samples after immunization with MF59 or nonadjuvanted A/duck/Singapore/97 (H5N3) vaccine were tested for antibody to 1997-2004 human H5N1 viruses. Antibody responses to 3 doses of non-adjuvanted vaccine were poor and were higher after MF59-adjuvanted vaccine, with seroconversion rates to A/HongKong/156/97, A/HongKong/213/03, A/Thailand/16/04, and A/Vietnam/1203/04 of 100% (P < .0001), 100% (P < .0001), 71% (P = .0004), and 43% (P = .0128) in 14 subjects, respectively, compared with 27%, 27%, 0%, and 0% in 11 who received nonadjuvanted vaccine. These findings have implications for the rational design of pandemic vaccines against influenza H5. © 2005 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Stephenson I; Bugarini R; Nicholson KG; Podda A; Wood JM; Zambon MC; Katz JM
  • Start Page

  • 1210
  • End Page

  • 1215
  • Volume

  • 191
  • Issue

  • 8