Acute Kidney Injury is Associated with Poor Lung Outcomes in Infants Born ≥32 Weeks of Gestational Age

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective âThis study aimed to evaluate the association between acute kidney injury (AKI) and lung outcomes in infants born ≥32 weeks of gestational age (GA). Study Design âSecondary analysis of infants ≥32 weeks of GA in the assessment of worldwide acute kidney injury epidemiology in neonates (AWAKEN) retrospective cohort (n = 1,348). We used logistic regression to assess association between AKI and a composite outcome of chronic lung disease (CLD) or death at 28 days of age and linear regression to evaluate association between AKI and duration of respiratory support. Results âCLD occurred in 82/1,348 (6.1%) infants, while death occurred in 22/1,348 (1.6%); the composite of CLD/death occurred in 104/1,348 (7.7%). Infants with AKI had an almost five-fold increased odds of CLD/death, which remained after controlling for GA, maternal polyhydramnios, multiple gestations, 5-minute Apgar's score, intubation, and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 4.9, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.2-7.4; p < 0.0001). Infants with AKI required longer duration of respiratory support (count ratio = 1.59, 95% CI: 1.14-2.23, p = 0.003) and oxygen (count ratio = 1.43, 95% CI: 1.22-1.68, p < 0.0001) compared with those without AKI. Conclusion âAKI is associated with CLD/death and longer duration of respiratory support in infants born at ≥32 weeks of GA. Further prospective studies are needed to elucidate the pathophysiologic relationship.
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    Author List

  • Starr MC; Menon S; Hingorani S; Boohaker L; Askenazi D; Eldredge LC; Griffin R; Mayock D
  • Start Page

  • 231
  • End Page

  • 239
  • Volume

  • 37
  • Issue

  • 2