Comparison of Transcatheter Pulmonic Valve Implantation With Surgical Pulmonic Valve Replacement in Adults (from the National Inpatient Survey Dataset)

Academic Article


  • There are no large reports of comparative outcomes of transcatheter pulmonic valve implantation (TPVI) and surgical pulmonic valve replacement (SPVR). Prospective studies are unlikely to be feasible in the future also. Thus, we utilized a large adult inpatient database to compare the two with respect to temporal trends, in hospital outcomes and costs. Data from the National Inpatient Sample database from 2003 to 2014 was analyzed to extract patients who underwent TPVI and SPVR using unique ICD 9-CM codes. In-hospital outcomes and charges were then analyzed. All charges were converted to 2018 dollars and a loss of wages analysis was performed using the Bureau of Labor Statistics published median weekly wages. A total of 8,449 and 555 SPVR and TPVI discharges were identified. 5.8% SPVR procedures were done in rural setting versus 1.8% of TPVI. Complications including in-hospital mortality (2.3 vs 0.9%; p = 0.02) were higher in SPVR group. Length of stay was significantly shorter for the TPVI group (1 vs 5 days; p <0.001), which also contributed to lower loss of wages ($1028.57 vs $6042.86; p <0.001) with similar hospital charges. In conclusion, volumes of both TPVI and SPVR are increasing across adult hospitals in the United States, reflecting an overall increase in the adult congenital heart disease population. TPVI offers improved short-term outcomes and decreased loss of wages through shorter recovery time in this real-world database analysis.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Chatterjee A; Bhatia N; Torres MG; Cribbs MG; Mauchley DC; Law MA
  • Start Page

  • 135
  • End Page

  • 139
  • Volume

  • 125
  • Issue

  • 1