Effects of association and dissociation formats on resistance exercise-induced emotion change and physical self-concept in older women

Academic Article


  • A 10-week field study was conducted to determine if a beginning weight training program, administered in association and dissociation formats, was related to changes in exercise-induced emotion and physical self-concept in older women (M age = 65 years). Administrations of the Exercise-Induced Feeling Inventory indicated a significant after-exercise increase on Positive Engagement, Revitalization, and Tranquility for both the dissociation (n = 16) and association (n = 23) groups. However, an after-exercise reduction on Physical Exhaustion was found for only the dissociation group. A "positive" pattern of after-exercise feeling state changes was present more frequently, χ2(1) = 7.36, p < .01, for the dissociation group. Administrations of the Profile of Mood States indicated that, for the dissociation group only, Tension and Depression scores were significantly reduced (ds = -.57 and -.64, respectively) over the length of the study. Neither group demonstrated significant over-time changes on the Profile of Mood States-Fatigue, Anger, Confusion, and Vigor scales, or on the Physical Self-Concept scale of the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale:2 (Fitts & Warren, 1996). Physical changes were not significantly correlated with emotion or self-concept changes. Implications were drawn for administering resistance training programs to older women. Limitations, and the need for replication across sample types, are discussed.
  • Authors

    Author List

  • Annesi JJ; Westcott WL; LaRosa Loud R; Powers L
  • Start Page

  • 87
  • End Page

  • 98
  • Volume

  • 10
  • Issue

  • 2