Universal screening for intimate partner and sexual violence in trauma patients-What about the men? An Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma Multicenter Trial

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND A recent Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma-supported multicenter trial demonstrated a similar rate of intimate partner and sexual violence (IPSV) between male and female trauma patients, regardless of mechanism. Our objective was to perform a subgroup analysis of our affected male cohort because this remains an understudied group in the trauma literature. METHODS We conducted a recent Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma-supported, cross-sectional, multicenter trial over one year (March 2015 to April 2016) involving four Level I trauma centers throughout the United States. We performed universal screening of adult trauma patients using the validated Hurt, Insult, Threaten, Scream and sexual violence screening surveys. Risk factors for male patients were identified. χ 2 Test compared categorical variables with significance at p values less than 0.05. Parametric data are presented as mean ± standard deviation. RESULTS A total of 2,034 trauma patients were screened, of which 1,281 (63%) were men. Of this cohort, 119 (9.3%) men screened positive for intimate partner violence, 14.1% for IPSV, and 6.5% for sexual violence. On categorical analysis of the Hurt, Insult, Threaten, Scream screen, the proportion of men that were physically hurt was 4.8% compared to 4.3% for women (p = 0.896). A total of 4.8% of men screened positive for both IPSV. The total proportion of men who presented with any history of intimate partner violence, sexual violence, or both (IPSV) was 15.8%. More men affected by penetrating trauma screened positive for IPSV (p < 0.00001). The IPSV positivity in men was associated with mental illness, substance abuse, and trauma recidivism. CONCLUSION One of every 20 men that present to trauma centers is a survivor of both IPSV, with one of every six men experiencing some form of violence. Men are at similar risk for physical abuse as women when this intimate partner violence occurs. The IPSV is associated with penetrating trauma in men. Support programs for this population may potentially impact associated mental illness, substance abuse, trauma recidivism, and even societal-level violence. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Epidemiological study, level II.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Zakrison TL; Rattan R; Valdés DM; Ruiz X; Gelbard R; Cline J; Turay D; Luo-Owen X; Namias N; George J
  • Start Page

  • 85
  • End Page

  • 90
  • Volume

  • 85
  • Issue

  • 1