HDAC inhibitors as antifibrotic drugs in cardiac and pulmonary fibrosis

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Fibrosis usually results from dysregulated wound repair and is characterized by excessive scar tissue. It is a complex process with unclear mechanisms. Accumulating evidence indicates that epigenetic alterations, including histone acetylation, play a pivotal role in this process. Histone acetylation is governed by histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs). HDACs are enzymes that remove the acetyl groups from both histone and nonhistone proteins. Aberrant HDAC activities are observed in fibrotic diseases, including cardiac and pulmonary fibrosis. HDAC inhibitors (HDACIs) are molecules that block HDAC functions. HDACIs have been studied extensively in a variety of tumors. Currently, there are four HDACIs approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for cancer treatment yet none for fibrotic diseases. Emerging evidence from in vitro and in vivo preclinical studies has presented beneficial effects of HDACIs in preventing or reversing fibrogenesis. In this review, we summarize the latest findings of the roles of HDACs in the pathogenesis of cardiac and pulmonary fibrosis and highlight the potential applications of HDACIs in these two fibrotic diseases.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Lyu X; Hu M; Peng J; Zhang X; Sanders YY
  • Volume

  • 10