Isomers with the formula C3H2O have intrigued and puzzled astronomers and astrochemists for many years, with propynal and cyclopropenone, but not propadienone, known to be interstellar. However, there is a severe lack of laboratory spectra of the solid phases of these compounds with which to investigate their interstellar chemistry. Here we present the first infrared spectra of amorphous and crystalline forms of propynal, HCC C(O)H, at multiple temperatures. Band positions are tabulated and band strengths are derived in terms of absorption coefficients and integrated intensities. Optical constants are calculated for amorphous propynal, refractive indices are measured, and densities are estimated. Three laboratory astrochemistry applications are described, including a new spectral identification in an earlier paper. It is shown that propynal's C C infrared absorbance is about 30 000 per cent stronger than the corresponding feature in acetylene. This band's intensity and spectral position make it an attractive candidate for astronomical searches involving interstellar ices.