Sustained Delivery of Doxorubicin via Acetalated Dextran Scaffold Prevents Glioblastoma Recurrence after Surgical Resection

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The primary cause of mortality for glioblastoma (GBM) is local tumor recurrence following standard-of-care therapies, including surgical resection. With most tumors recurring near the site of surgical resection, local delivery of chemotherapy at the time of surgery is a promising strategy. Herein drug-loaded polymer scaffolds with two distinct degradation profiles were fabricated to investigate the effect of local drug delivery rate on GBM recurrence following surgical resection. The novel biopolymer, acetalated dextran (Ace-DEX), was compared with commercially available polyester, poly(l-lactide) (PLA). Steady-state doxorubicin (DXR) release from Ace-DEX scaffolds was found to be faster when compared with scaffolds composed of PLA, in vitro. This increased drug release rate translated to improved therapeutic outcomes in a novel surgical model of orthotopic glioblastoma resection and recurrence. Mice treated with DXR-loaded Ace-DEX scaffolds (Ace-DEX/10DXR) resulted in 57% long-Term survival out to study completion at 120 days compared with 20% survival following treatment with DXR-loaded PLA scaffolds (PLA/10DXR). Additionally, all mice treated with PLA/10DXR scaffolds exhibited disease progression by day 38, as defined by a 5-fold growth in tumor bioluminescent signal. In contrast, 57% of mice treated with Ace-DEX/10DXR scaffolds displayed a reduction in tumor burden, with 43% exhibiting complete remission. These results underscore the importance of polymer choice and drug release rate when evaluating local drug delivery strategies to improve prognosis for GBM patients undergoing tumor resection.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Graham-Gurysh E; Moore KM; Satterlee AB; Sheets KT; Lin FC; Bachelder EM; Miller CR; Hingtgen SD; Ainslie KM
  • Start Page

  • 1309
  • End Page

  • 1318
  • Volume

  • 15
  • Issue

  • 3