The widespread threat of calcium decline in fresh waters

Academic Article


  • Calcium concentrations are now commonly declining in softwater boreal lakes. Although the mechanisms leading to these declines are generally well known, the consequences for the aquatic biota have not yet been reported. By examining crustacean zooplankton remains preserved in lake sediment cores, we document near extirpations of calcium-rich Daphnia species, which are keystone herbivores in pelagic food webs, concurrent with declining lake-water calcium. A large proportion (62%, 47 to 81% by region) of the Canadian Shield lakes we examined has a calcium concentration approaching or below the threshold at which laboratory Daphnia populations suffer reduced survival and fecundity. The ecological impacts of environmental calcium loss are likely to be both widespread and pronounced.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Science  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Jeziorski A; Yan ND; Paterson AM; DeSellas AM; Turner MA; Jeffries DS; Keller B; Weeber RC; McNicol DK; Palmer ME
  • Start Page

  • 1374
  • End Page

  • 1377
  • Volume

  • 322
  • Issue

  • 5906