Delaying delivery of a premature abdominal pregnancy may allow for fetal pulmonary maturation. Prolonged extreme oligohydramnios, however, resulting in significant pulmonary hypoplasia would frustrate any effort to wait for pulmonary maturation. Little mention of this complication is found in the literature. Therefore, two cases of abdominal pregnancy are presented, one with fetal pulmonary hypoplasia and one without. Assessing the volume of amniotic fluid is suggested when a decision is being made to deliver this type of pregnancy. © 1986.