Providing Positive Primary Care Experiences for Homeless Veterans Through Tailored Medical Homes

Academic Article


  • Background: In 2012, select Veterans Health Administration (VHA) facilities implemented a homeless-tailored medical home model, called Homeless Patient Aligned Care Teams (H-PACT), to improve care processes and outcomes for homeless Veterans. Objective: The main aim of this study was to determine whether H-PACT offers a better patient experience than standard VHA primary care. Research Design: We used multivariable logistic regressions to estimate differences in the probability of reporting positive primary care experiences on a national survey. Subjects: Homeless-experienced survey respondents enrolled in H-PACT (n=251) or standard primary care in facilities with H-PACT available (n=1527) and facilities without H-PACT (n=10,079). Measures: Patient experiences in 8 domains from the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Provider and Systems surveys. Domain scores were categorized as positive versus nonpositive. Results: H-PACT patients were less likely than standard primary care patients to be female, have 4-year college degrees, or to have served in recent military conflicts; they received more primary care visits and social services. H-PACT patients were more likely than standard primary care patients in the same facilities to report positive experiences with access [adjusted risk difference (RD)=17.4], communication (RD=13.9), office staff (RD=13.1), provider ratings (RD=11.0), and comprehensiveness (RD=9.3). Standard primary care patients in facilities with H-PACT available were more likely than those from facilities without H-PACT to report positive experiences with communication (RD=4.7) and self-management support (RD=4.6). Conclusions: Patient-centered medical homes designed to address the social determinants of health offer a better care experience for homeless patients, when compared with standard primary care approaches. The lessons learned from H-PACT can be applied throughout VHA and to other health care settings.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Medical Care  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Jones AL; Hausmann LRM; Kertesz SG; Suo Y; Cashy JP; Mor MK; Pettey WBP; Schaefer JH; Gordon AJ; Gundlapalli AV
  • Start Page

  • 270
  • End Page

  • 278
  • Volume

  • 57
  • Issue

  • 4