A neurodegeneration-specific gene-expression signature of acutely isolated microglia from an amyotrophic lateral sclerosis mouse model

Academic Article


  • Microglia are resident immune cells of the CNS that are activated by infection, neuronal injury, and inflammation. Here, we utilize flow cytometry and deep RNA sequencing of acutely isolated spinal cord microglia to define their activation invivo. Analysis of resting microglia identified 29 genes that distinguish microglia from other CNS cells and peripheral macrophages/monocytes. We then analyzed molecular changes in microglia during neurodegenerative disease activation using the SOD1G93A mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We found that SOD1G93A microglia are not derived from infiltrating monocytes, and that both potentially neuroprotective and toxic factors, including Alzheimer@s disease genes, are concurrently upregulated. Mutant microglia differed from SOD1WT, lipopolysaccharide-activated microglia, and M1/M2 macrophages, defining an ALS-specific phenotype. Concurrent messenger RNA/fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis revealed posttranscriptional regulation of microglia surface receptors and Tcell-associated changes in the transcriptome. These results provide insights into microglia biology and establish a resource for future studies of neuroinflammation
  • Published In

  • Cell Reports  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 14766394
  • Author List

  • Chiu IM; Morimoto ETA; Goodarzi H; Liao JT; O'Keeffe S; Phatnani HP; Muratet M; Carroll MC; Levy S; Tavazoie S
  • Start Page

  • 385
  • End Page

  • 401
  • Volume

  • 4
  • Issue

  • 2