Standardizing terminology and assessment for orofacial conditions in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: International, multidisciplinary consensus-based recommendations

Academic Article


  • Objective. To propose multidisciplinary, consensus-based, standardization of operational terminology and method of assessment for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Methods. Using a sequential expert group-defined terminology and methods-of-assessment approach by (1) establishment of task force, (2) item generation, (3) working group consensus, (4) external expert content validity testing, and (5) multidisciplinary group of experts final Delphi survey consensus. Results. Seven standardized operational terms were defined: TMJ arthritis, TMJ involvement, TMJ arthritis management, dentofacial deformity, TMJ deformity, TMJ symptoms, and TMJ dysfunction. Conclusion. Definition of 7 operational standardized terms provides an optimal platform for communication across healthcare providers involved in JIA-TMJ arthritis management.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Stoustrup P; Resnick CM; Pedersen TK; Abramowicz S; Michelotti A; K├╝seler A; Verna C; Kellenberger CJ; Nordal EB; Caserta G
  • Start Page

  • 518
  • End Page

  • 522
  • Volume

  • 46
  • Issue

  • 5