A modified class associative fringe-adjusted filter-based technique is proposed for multiple target detection, where the number of processing steps remains fixed irrespective of the number of objects in the class. An enhanced version of generalized fringe-adjusted filters is developed for correlation improvement. Again, a shifted phase encoding technique is employed for generation of a single correlation peak per target object. The effectiveness of the proposed technique is verified by computer simulation for binary as well as gray-level images both with and without noise. © 2006 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.