3,5-bis(2,4-difluorobenzylidene)-4-piperidone, a novel compound that affects pancreatic cancer growth and angiogenesis

Academic Article


  • Dysregulated Notch signaling plays an important role in the progression of cancer. Notch signaling affects tumor growth and angiogenesis through the actions of its ligand Jagged-1. In this study, we developed a novel compound 3,5-bis(2,4-difluorobenzylidene)-4-piperidone (DiFiD) and determined that it inhibits cancer cell growth and its effects on Notch signaling. Intraperitoneal administration of DiFiD significantly suppressed growth of pancreatic cancer tumor xenografts. There was a reduction in CD31-positive blood vessels, suggesting that there was an effect on angiogenesis. In vitro, DiFiD inhibited the proliferation of various human and mouse pancreatic cancer cells while increasing activated caspase-3. Cell-cycle analyses showed that DiFiD induced G 2-M arrest and decreased the expression of cell-cycle-related proteins cyclin A1 and D1 while upregulating cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21WAF1. We next determined the mechanism of action. DiFiD reduced Notch-1 activation, resulting in reduced expression of its downstream target protein Hes-1. We further determined that the reduced Notch-1 activation was due to reduction in the ligand Jagged-1 and two critical components of the γ-secretase enzyme complex presenilin-1 and nicastrin. Ectopic expression of the Notch intracellular domain rescued the cells from DiFiD-mediated growth suppression. DiFiD-treated tumor xenografts also showed reduced levels of Jagged-1 and the γ-secretase complex proteins presenilin-1 and nicastrin. Taken together, these data suggest that DiFiD is a novel potent therapeutic agent that can target different aspects of the Notch signaling pathway to inhibit both tumor growth and angiogenesis. ©2011 AACR.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Subramaniam D; Nicholes ND; Dhar A; Umar S; Awasthi V; Welch DR; Jensen RA; Anant S
  • Start Page

  • 2146
  • End Page

  • 2156
  • Volume

  • 10
  • Issue

  • 11