Routine revascularization is unnecessary in the majority of patients requiring zone II coverage during thoracic endovascular aortic repair: A longitudinal outcomes study using United States Medicare population data

Academic Article


  • Objective We aimed to evaluate outcomes of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) with left subclavian artery (LSA) coverage without bypass (TEVAR + SUB) to TEVAR with coverage of the LSA with a bypass at the time of the initial procedure or later at a separate procedure (TEVAR + SUB + BYPASS). Methods The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services inpatient claims for 2006–2007 were queried using Current Procedural Terminology codes for TEVAR, TEVAR + SUB, TEVAR + SUB + BYPASS or later as a separate procedure. Results A total of 2676 patients underwent TEVAR; 869 (32.5%) underwent TEVAR + SUB and 49 (5.6%) TEVAR + SUB + BYPASS. At the time of the initial procedure, TEVAR + SUB + BYPASS was associated with a higher incidence of stroke compared to TEVAR + SUB (12.8% vs. 3.8 %; p = 0.0033). Among TEVAR + SUB, only 1.93% (50 patients) had a subsequent bypass performed during a one-year follow-up. Overall rates of morbidity ( p = 0.004) and mortality ( p = 0.011) trended towards significance in favor of TEVAR + SUB. Conclusions TEVAR + SUB were associated with lower rates of mortality and complications. Only a small percentage of TEVAR + SUB required a bypass at one year after procedure. Our data suggest that routine LSA bypass during TEVAR is unnecessary and associated with increase morbidity and mortality.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Wilson JE; Galiñanes EL; Hu P; Dombrovskiy VY; Vogel TR
  • Start Page

  • 239
  • End Page

  • 245
  • Volume

  • 22
  • Issue

  • 4