How do race and Hispanic ethnicity affect nursing home admission? Evidence from the Health and Retirement Study.

Academic Article


  • OBJECTIVES: This study investigates how health- and disability-based need factors and enabling factors (e.g., socioeconomic and family-based resources) relate to nursing home admission among 3 different racial and ethnic groups. METHOD: We use Cox proportional hazard models to estimate differences in nursing home admission for non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, and Hispanics from 1998 to 2010 in the Health and Retirement Study (N = 18,952). RESULTS: Racial-ethnic differences in nursing home admission are magnified after controlling for health- and disability-based need factors and enabling factors. Additionally, the degree to which specific factors contribute to risk of nursing home admission varies significantly across racial-ethnic groups. DISCUSSION: Our findings indicate that substantial racial and ethnic variations in nursing home admission continue to exist and that Hispanic use is particularly low. We argue that these differences may demonstrate a significant underuse of nursing homes for racial and ethnic minorities. Alternatively, they could signify different preferences for nursing home care, perhaps due to unmeasured cultural factors or structural obstacles.
  • Keywords

  • Hispanic ethnicity, Long-term care, Nursing homes, Race., Activities of Daily Living, Black People, Disability Evaluation, Hispanic or Latino, Homes for the Aged, Humans, Nursing Homes, Proportional Hazards Models, Socioeconomic Factors, United States, White People
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Thomeer MB; Mudrazija S; Angel JL
  • Start Page

  • 628
  • End Page

  • 638
  • Volume

  • 70
  • Issue

  • 4