Efficacy and Safety of Febuxostat Extended and Immediate Release in Patients With Gout and Renal Impairment: A Phase III Placebo-Controlled Study

Academic Article


  • Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of febuxostat extended release (XR) and immediate release (IR) in patients with gout and normal or impaired renal function. Methods: This was a 3-month, phase III, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients (n = 1,790) with a history of gout and normal or impaired (mild-to-severe) renal function were randomized to receive placebo, febuxostat IR 40 or 80 mg, or febuxostat XR 40 or 80 mg once daily (1:1:1:1:1 ratio). End points included proportions of patients with a serum urate (UA) level of <5.0 mg/dl at month 3 (primary end point), a serum UA level of <6.0 mg/dl at month 3, and ≥1 gout flare requiring treatment over 3 months (secondary end points). Results: Both febuxostat formulations led to significantly greater proportions of patients achieving a serum UA level of <5.0 mg/dl or <6.0 mg/dl at month 3 (P < 0.001 for all comparisons versus placebo). Equivalent doses of febuxostat XR and IR had similar treatment effects on serum UA level end points; however, a significantly greater proportion of patients achieved a serum UA level of <5.0 mg/dl with XR 40 mg versus IR 40 mg. Similar proportions of patients experienced ≥1 gout flare across treatment groups. Rates of treatment-emergent adverse events were low and evenly distributed between treatment arms. A preplanned subgroup analysis demonstrated that febuxostat formulations were well tolerated and generally effective on serum UA level end points (versus placebo) across all renal function subgroups. Conclusion: Both formulations of febuxostat (XR and IR) were well tolerated and effective in patients with gout and normal or impaired renal function, including patients with severe renal impairment.
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    Author List

  • Saag KG; Becker MA; Whelton A; Hunt B; Castillo M; Kisfalvi K; Gunawardhana L
  • Start Page

  • 143
  • End Page

  • 153
  • Volume

  • 71
  • Issue

  • 1