Care of adults with neurofibromatosis type 1: A clinical practice resource of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG)

Academic Article


  • Purpose: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant disorder that is caused by a heterozygous loss-of-function variant in the tumor suppressor gene NF1; it affects ~1/1,900-1/3,500 people worldwide. The disorder is associated with an 8-15-year reduction in average life expectancy in both men and women, primarily due to malignant neoplasms and cardiovascular causes. Methods: A work group of experts sought to determine the prevalence, morbidity and mortality, and available treatments of common and emerging NF1-related clinical problems in adults. Work-group members identified peer-reviewed publications from PubMed. Publications derived from populations and multi-institution cohorts were prioritized. Recommendations for management arose by consensus from this literature and the collective expertise of the authors. Results: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST), breast cancer, cutaneous neurofibromas, and significant psychiatric and neurologic diagnoses are common problems in patients with NF1. Conclusion: Patient education and sensitization to worrisome signs and symptoms such as progressive severe pain (MPNST), changes in tumor volume (MPNST), new, unexplained neurologic symptoms (MPNST, brain tumors), and diaphoresis/palpitations (pheochromocytoma) are important. Although many issues in adults with NF1 can be managed by an internist or family physician, we strongly encourage evaluation by, and care coordination with, a specialized NF1 clinic.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Stewart DR; Korf BR; Nathanson KL; Stevenson DA; Yohay K
  • Start Page

  • 671
  • End Page

  • 682
  • Volume

  • 20
  • Issue

  • 7