Purification and characterization of particulate endothelium-derived relaxing factor synthase from cultured and native bovine aortic endothelial cells

Academic Article


  • The participate enzyme responsible for the synthesis of endothelium-derived relaxing factor has been purified from cultured and native (noncultured) bovine aortic endothelial cells. Purification of the solubilized particulate enzyme preparation by affinity chromatography on adenosine 2′,5′-bisphosphate coupled to Sepharose followed by Superose 6 gel filtration chromatography resulted in a single protein band after denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis that corresponded to ≈135 kDa. The enzyme activity in the various fractions was assayed by its stimulatory effect on soluble guanylyl cyclase of rat fetal lung fibroblasts (RFL-6 cells), by the formation of L-citrulline from L-arginine, by measuring nitrite/nitrate formation, and by bioassay on endothelium-denuded vascular strips. Endothelium-derived relaxing factor synthase was purified 3419-fold from the crude particulate fraction of cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells with a 12% recovery (RFL-6 assay). Purified endothelium-derived relaxing factor synthase required L-arginine, NADPH, Ca2+, calmodulin, and 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin for full activity.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Pollock JS; Förstermann U; Mitchell JA; Warner TD; Schmidt HHHW; Nakane M; Murad F
  • Start Page

  • 10480
  • End Page

  • 10484
  • Volume

  • 88
  • Issue

  • 23