Juvenile psoriatic arthritis (JPsA), a subtype of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), constitutes 5% of JIA. The literature is inconsistent regarding features of JPsA, and physicians debate whether it is a distinct entity within JIA. A biphasic age of onset distribution has been noted. Early-onset disease is characterized by female predominance, small joint involvement, dactylitis, and positive antinuclear antibodies. Late-onset JPsA resembles adult-onset psoriatic arthritis (PsA), with male predominance, psoriasis, enthesitis, and axial disease. Recent studies report improved outcomes, likely due to the widespread use of traditional and biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Conflicting HLA associations have been reported in JPsA, but notably both HLA class I and II allele associations are suggested. Similar to PsA cohorts, subjects with JPsA have a lower frequency of a protective interleukin 23R allele than controls or other JIA subtypes. Data in the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) patient registry suggest the aggressive characteristics of JPsA: 24.6% of children have joint damage 4.6 years after symptom onset. Pediatric and adult PsA classification criteria define different JPsA cohorts within the registry and support a previous suggestion that the International League of Associations for Rheumatology criteria for JPsA may be overly stringent. Increased collaboration between pediatric and adult physicians and comparative research on these clinically related conditions are warranted.