Cellular interactions of L-glutamic acid60-L-alanine30-L-tyrosine10 (GAT)-specific suppressor factors. I. Inhibition of the activity of GAT-specific helper T cell clones by noclonal GAT-specific suppressor T cell factors

Academic Article


  • Considerable information concerning the serology and biochemistry of antigen-specific, T cell-derived suppressor factors has been obtained with the use of T cell hybridomas as a source of homogeneous material. Similarly, knowledge of helper T cell products and receptors is accumulating from studies of helper T cell clones and hybridomas. Our strategy for studying the mechanisms by which suppressor factors inhibit responses was to determine whether monoclonal suppressor factors could inhibit antibody responses specific for L-glutamic acid60-L-alanine30-L-tyrosine10 (GAT) in cultures containing unprimed splenic B cells, macrophages, and GAT-specific T cell clones as a source of helper activity. The MHC-restricted, two chain suppressor factors, GAT-FsF2, inhibited these responses if the helper T cell clones and suppressor factor were derived from H-2-compatible mice. Furthermore, responses were inhibited by briefly pulsing T cell clones with GAT-TsF2 in the presence of GAT, indicating that suppressor factors need to be present continuously. In addition, helper T cell clones adsorbed syngeneic, but not allogeneic, GAT-TsF2 in the presence of GAT. Adsorption also requires a shared antigenic specificity between the H-2b-derived helper T cells and TsF2 factor. Thus, helper T cells can serve as the cellular target of antigen-specific, MHC-restricted GAT-TsF2, and cloned helper T cells can be used as a homogeneous target population for analysis of the molecular mechanisms of T cell suppression.
  • Authors

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    Author List

  • Lopez MT; Sorensen CM; Kapp JA; Pierce CW
  • Start Page

  • 798
  • End Page

  • 804
  • Volume

  • 136
  • Issue

  • 3