Epigenetic reactivation of p21CIP1/WAF1 and KLOTHO by a combination of bioactive dietary supplements is partially ERα-dependent in ERα-negative human breast cancer cells

Academic Article


  • Available treatment strategies against estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer patients are limited due to their poor response to hormonal therapy. We have shown previously that the combinations of green tea polyphenols (GTPs), a dietary DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, and sulforaphane (SFN), a dietary histone deacetylase inhibitor, reactivate ERα expression in ERα-negative MDA-MB-231 cells. Here, we investigated the functional significance of ERα reactivation in the reactivation of silenced tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) in ERα-negative human breast cancer cells. We found that the treatment of MDA-MB-231 cells with the combinations of GTPs and SFN leads to the reactivation of silenced TSGs such as p21CIP1/WAF1 and KLOTHO through active chromatin modifications. Further, GTPs- and SFN-mediated reactivation of TSGs was, at least in part, dependent on ERα reactivation in ERα-negative MDA-MB-231 cells. Collectively, our findings suggest that a novel combination of bioactive dietary supplements could further be explored as an effective therapeutic option against hormonal refractory breast cancer.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Sinha S; Shukla S; Khan S; Tollefsbol TO; Meeran SM
  • Start Page

  • 102
  • End Page

  • 114
  • Volume

  • 406