Diurnal pattern in skin Na+and water content is associated with salt-sensitive hypertension in ETBreceptor-deficient rats

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Impairment in the ability of the skin to properly store Na+nonosmotically (without water) has recently been hypothesized as contributing to salt-sensitive hypertension. Our laboratory has shown that endothelial production of endothelin-1 (ET-1) is crucial to skin Na+handling. Furthermore, it is well established that loss of endothelin type B receptor (ETB) receptor function impairs Na+excretion by the kidney. Thus we hypothesized that rats lacking functional ETBreceptors (ETB-def) will have a reduced capacity of the skin to store Na+during chronic high-salt (HS) intake. We observed that ETB-def rats exhibited salt-sensitive hypertension with an approximate doubling in the diurnal amplitude of mean arterial pressure compared with genetic control rats on a HS diet. Two weeks of HS diet significantly increased skin Na+content relative to water; however, there was no significant difference between control and ETB-def rats. Interestingly, HS intake led to a 19% increase in skin Na+and 16% increase in water content (relative to dry wt.) during the active phase (zeitgeber time 16) versus inactive phase (zeitgeber time 4, P <\ 0.05) in ETB-def rats. There was no significant circadian variation in total skin Na+or water content of control rats fed normal or HS. These data indicate that ETBreceptors have little influence on the ability to store Na+nonosmotically in the skin during long-term HS intake but, rather, appear to regulate diurnal rhythms in skin Na+content and circadian blood pressure rhythms associated with a HS diet.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Speed JS; Hyndman KA; Kasztan M; Johnston JG; Roth KJ; Titze JM; Pollock DM
  • Start Page

  • R544
  • End Page

  • R551
  • Volume

  • 314
  • Issue

  • 4