Implications of use of wright's F ST for the role of probability and causation in evolution

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Sewall Wright's F ST is a mathematical test used to characterize differences between biological populations and identify causes of those differences. I discuss Cockerham and Weir's popular, empirically successful approach to statistical estimation of F ST, arguing that their assumption that actual populations are sampled from an infinite set of counterfactual populations (with a common ancestral population) supports a view of natural selection and genetic drift as distinct causes. I also argue that the way in which F-statistics and other statistical tests are applied to computer simulations in empirical research shows that selection and drift correspond to differences in objective, causal probabilities. © 2012 by the Philosophy of Science Association. All rights reserved.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Abrams M
  • Start Page

  • 596
  • End Page

  • 608
  • Volume

  • 79
  • Issue

  • 5